The time it takes to properly roast a whole turkey is proportional to its weight to the ⅔ power.

For a spherical turkey of uniform thermal conductivity $\alpha$ and density $\rho$, a precise formula has been derived:

where the oven is set at $T_h$ and the center of the turkey needs to reach a temperature of $T_f$ from $T_0$.

The more general ⅔ power law does not depend on unrealistic assumptions about the turkey’s shape or thermodynamic properties; it can be derived from pure dimensional analysis and applied to turkey-shaped meat-based objects by fitting a curve to specific cook times used by chefs.

So whenever I roast a turkey, I find myself digging out my old mathematical modelling textbook to look up the cooking time: $45 \text{min}/\text{lb}^{2/3}$ at 350℉.